Egypt · Pyramids
The pyramids — especially the Great Pyramids of Giza — are the stone tombs for Egypt’s kings – the Pharaohs and one of the world’s greatest historical mysteries. Many of the them still survive today for us to see and explore. They have stood for thousands of years, filled with many hidden secrets. As part of their religion, the Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh needed certain things to succeed in the afterlife.
Deep inside the pyramids lays the Pharaoh’s burial chamber which would be filled with treasure and items for the Pharaoh to use in the afterlife. The walls were often covered with carvings and paintings. Near the Pharaoh’s chamber would be other rooms where family members and servants were buried. There were often small rooms that acted as temples and larger rooms for storage. Narrow passageways led to outside.
There are about 140 pyramids known today from ancient Egypt. The three largest and best-preserved of these were built at Giza (located on a plateau on the west bank of the Nile River, on the outskirts of modern-day Cairo) at the beginning of the Old Kingdom. The oldest and largest of the three pyramids at Giza, known as the Great Pyramid, is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the last one still in existence. It was built for Khufu (Cheops, in Greek), Sneferu’s successor and the second of the eight kings of the fourth dynasty. The Giza pyramids are guarded by the Great Sphinx, the largest monolith statue in the world. The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra.
Until the Lincoln Cathedral was built in England in 1311, the Great Pyramid of Giza held the title for the world´s tallest man-made structure. It held the record for an incredible and unparalleled 3871 years!
Secrets of the Egyptian Pyramids: