Turkey Pamukkale Limestone Terraces Geology Rock
By Mstfynr (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Turkey Pamukkale Limestone Terraces Geology Rock

Turkey Pamukkale Limestone Terraces Geology Rock

Sunset turkey

By Davidetorino at Italian Wikipedia (Transferred from it.wikipedia to Commons.) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sunset in Pamukkale, Turkey

Turkey · Pamukkale

Pamukkale is one of the most spectacular natural landscapes in the world. This special place full of mystery and romance is indeed one of the best destinations, attracting more and more tourists each year. It is a natural site in the Menderes River valley in Denizli Province, which offers the city a mild climate throughout the year.

Pamukkale is famous for the gleaming white calcite travertines (terraces) overrunning with warm, mineral-rich waters on the mountain above the village – the so-called ‘Cotton Castle’ (pamuk means ‘cotton’ in Turkish). Just above the travertines lies Hierapolis, once a Roman and Byzantine spa city, which has considerable ruins and a museum.

In time, due to various tectonic movements, nature has created here a fascinating view, which reveals the famous limestone bathrooms that where shaped by earthquakes, creating a real kingdom of imposing stairs. Subsequently, water covered the area between these stairs and dug in the limestone, forming small craters. The water in the area is thermal and contains hydrogen and calcium, allowing once again tourism to flourish.

At every 250 litres of water flowing down the stairs, 2.2 grams of calcium is deposited. In time, this process resulted in the formation of real stalactites, giving the region a white wintery look. Therefore, it looks like a natural fortress of ice, although the water temperature reaches 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit). In some place, swimming is impossible, but there are many bathtubs where you can enjoy taking a bath.

While the photogenic travertines get busloads of day-trippers passing through for a quick soak and photo op, staying overnight allows you to visit the site at sunset and dodge some of the crowds. This also gives time for a day trip to the beautiful and little-visited ancient ruins of Afrodisias and Laodicea, and to appreciate the village of Pamukkale itself.

Check out this link to know more: everything you need to know about visiting Turkey’s most popular attraction